Winter 2024Volume 32 | No. 1 Market QuickTakes Q4 | 2023 Stocks surged in November and December to post double-digit gains across the board for Q4, as market breadth widened and capped a very strong 2023 overall Tech-heavy Nasdaq and benchmark S&P 500 led the charge in 2023, posting gains of 43.4% and 24.2%, respectively Growth stocks outpaced Value stocks by their second largest margin since 1978, with the Magnificent Seven surging over 100% on average Overseas, developed market stocks also posted strong 2023 gains as the MSCI EAFE index jumped 15%; Emerging Markets finished in positive territory for the year up 7% following a strong Q4 Bonds surged in November and December, fueled by the Fed pivot on future rate hikes, as interest rates plunged; the benchmark 10-year Treasury Note yield fell 1.0% to 3.88% and closed unchanged on the year The Bloomberg US Aggregate Bond Index finished up 5.5% for the year despite ending Q3 in negative territory The US economy exceeded expectations all year, unemployment closed 2023 at 3.7% and has remained under 4% for 22 straight months, and inflation fell over 65% from its June 2022 peak to 3.1% in November Past Performance is No Guarantee for Future Success 2023-2024 Retirement Contribution Limits Market Review Stocks and bonds surge in November and December to cap very strong 2023 overall 2023 was a remarkable year for the global financial markets, posting strong gains across the board for both stocks and bonds. But it took investor resolve and discipline to reap the rewards, providing yet another example of the perils of trying to time the market. Mega-cap technology and large-cap growth stocks dominated the US markets in 2023, with the Nasdaq Composite gaining 43.4% and leading the charge. More specifically, the Magnificent Seven dominated: Apple, Alphabet (Google), Amazon, Nvidia, Microsoft, Meta (Facebook), and Tesla. For the year, these concentrated tech mega-caps gained over 100% on average and generated more than 60% of the S&P 500’s gains for the year. The benchmark S&P 500 surged 24.2% and closed within about half a percent of an all-time high. The Dow hit an all-time high in December and closed up 13.7% for the year ending at 37,690. Small- and mid-cap stocks led the market over November and December, showing encouraging market breadth, to finish up 15.1% and 14.5%, respectively. US stocks posted double-digit gains over November and December to cap the impressive 2023 gains overall, which were largely a reversal of 2022 performance. Overseas, developed markets, as measured by the MSCI EAFE index, jumped 15% thanks to a November and December double-digit surge as well. Emerging market returns were more subdued for the year gaining 7% in 2023, as China largely dragged on performance. In 2022, most economists and market strategists predicted a major recession to hit the US economy in 2023, which led to an extremely volatile. The Fed started raising interest rates in March 2022 to slow the economy, battle inflation, and reverse emergency policy. Covid enhanced inflation, largely from supply chain constraints, energy, and rents, still hit 1980s levels by June peaking at 9.1%. Interest rates spiked, amid seven Fed rate hikes and guidance for more, disrupting the global markets with double-digit losses for both stocks and bonds in 2022, unnerving investors. The recession forecast prevailed for the beginning of 2023 but gradually shifted to a soft-landing/mild recession outlook through the year. The widely forecasted recession never showed up and the US economy broadly outperformed expectations and the markets responded positively. Supply chains were mostly restored to normal and energy costs fell sharply. Not only did GDP continue to hit all-time highs in 2023, but the US economy also grew over 4.9% annualized in Q3 and an estimated +2.2% in Q4. Unemployment hit 50-year lows, closed 2023 at 3.7% and has remained below 4% for over 22 months ending the year. It’s remarkable that in April 2020 and amid the throws of the Covid-19 pandemic, unemployment hit 14.8%. We have come a long way. The road for the market in 2023 had some large bumps along the way, including a spring pullback and a Fall correction. Debt ceiling shenanigans in Congress resulting in a downgrade in US credit ratings, and Fed guidance that higher-for-longer interest rate policy would prevail, threw the market a curveball to start August and ended a 5-month winning streak. Interest rates reversed and spiked higher, disrupting the stock and bond markets from August through most of October. Overall, 2023 was significantly less volatile than 2022. There were 122 days of +/- 1% for the S&P 500 in 2022, while in 2023 there were just 64, which is about the long-term average (Goldman Sachs). The most common volatility measure (VIX) settled the year at 12.45, down 43% from 21.67 at the end of 2022, and well-below its long-term average of 20.Interest rates were front and center all year for the global financial markets. Coming off the worst year in history for the bond market, as interest rates rose sharply across the yield curve in 2022 and the Fed raising policy rates seven times, bonds were poised for a rebound. While bonds started strong and interest rates dipped to start the year, they reversed course in April. The benchmark 10-year Treasury note yield fell to 3.30% but steadily climbed to 4.98% in October, to levels not seen since 2007, despite inflation mostly declining along the way. The Fed maintained its higher-for-longer guidance amid four rate hikes in 2023, with potential to raise more if needed. However, while the Fed held rates steady at its November FOMC meeting, Chair Powell’s comments after were softer than its statement and bonds rallied along with the stock market. At its last meeting of the year, the Fed held rates steady again but “dovishly pivoted” to acknowledge the balance of risks now tilted to sustainably lower inflation going forward, and additional hikes were likely not only no longer needed but that rate cuts would be warranted in 2024. Inflation fell to 3.4% in 2023 from 6.5% ending 2022. Bonds rallied to year end and interest rates plunged. November and December were the 7th best two months for bonds since 1926. The benchmark Bloomberg Aggregate Bond index erased its -1.2% loss at the end of Q3 to finish UP 5.5% for the year. The benchmark 10-year T-Note yield fell 1.10% from its October peak to close unchanged on the year at 3.88%. Simply remarkable moves.The Tale of the Tape for 2023 for investors was to maintain a long-term perspective and stay disciplined. There were many exit ramps amid many challenges and again, investors that maintained their resolve were well rewarded. Timing the market is impossible. The OutlookFollowing a very strong 2023, especially with the massive rally in stocks and bonds in November and December, could present some early challenges and consolidation of those gains. However, there is reason for optimism in 2024, albeit with some caution. Many headwinds that prevailed heading into 2023 and elevated investor and market anxiety have either subsided or are trending in the right direction. Reason for optimism in 2024 Recession Risk is lower with an economic soft landing the base case (mild recession still possible) The Fed is done raising interest rates and projections are for 3 rate cuts in 2024 (Dec-23 FOMC), while the market is expecting 6 cutsFinancial conditions have eased meaningfully from October peakInflation has decreased nearly two-thirds from its June 2022 peak and trending towards the Fed’s 2% target, though the “last mile” will be more challengingCorporate earnings are expected to rebound in 2024Diversification important for attractive long-term valuation exposure: International, Value stocks, and Small-Caps Presidential Election years have historically been positive, though no guarantee for future success2024 headwinds that may present challenges and lead to volatilityStock valuations are elevated, especially large-cap growth stocks and the S&P 500 in generalVolatility likely to be higher in 2024Economic slowdown is greater than expectedRekindling of inflation that may disrupt projected Fed rate cutsDebt ceiling negotiations and possible government shutdownGeo-Political Risks that may go beyond the war in Ukraine and escalating conflict in GazaIn SummaryWe are looking for continued progress on the inflation front and a soft landing for the economy in 2024. However, a soft landing does mean a slowdown from current strong levels and an uptick in unemployment, which are consistent with the Fed’s inflation objectives. A mild recession is still possible. We anticipate volatility to be higher in 2024 and will require investor patience. The reasons for optimism above outweigh the headwinds and translate to attractive but more modest return potential for stocks. With bond yields over 4.0%, any Fed rate cuts resulting in a decline in market interest rates equates to solid bond total return potential. We emphasize investors value the importance of diversification, discipline, knowing your risk-tolerance and maintaining a long-term focus for a successful 2024 and beyond.Call your Nelson Advisor today at 800-345-7593 to discuss any concerns and review your portfolio. ~Your Nelson Securities Team *Past Performance is No Guarantee for Future Results The Bumpy Road to the Market's Long-Term Average ANNUAL RETURNS FOR S&P 500 INDEX 1926-2022 Since 1926, the US stock market has rewarded investors with an annualized return of about 10%. But returns in any given year may be sky-high, extremely poor, or somewhere in between.Annual returns came within two percentage points of the market's long-term average in just six of the past 97 years.Yearly returns have ranged as high as up 54% and as low as down 43%.Since 1926, annual returns have been positive 71 times and negative 26 times.Understanding the range of potential outcomes can help you stick with a plan and ride out the inevitable ups and downs.Source: Dimensional Fund Advisors Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investing risks include loss of principal and fluctuating value. There is no guarantee an investment strategy will be successful. Indices are not available for direct investment. Index returns are not representative of actual portfolios and do not reflect costs and fees associated with an actual investment.In USD. S&P data© 2023 S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, a division of S&P Global. All rights reserved.Dimensional Fund Advisors LP is an investment advisor registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission.• Not FDIC Insured • Not Bank Guaranteed • May lose ValueDimensional Fund Advisors does not have any bank affiliates. Financial Insights... Bulls, Bears, and the Long-Term Benefits of Stock Investing 2023 was a perfect example of how investor patience and discipline can be rewarded. Our partners at Dimensional Funds illustrate that while stock returns are volatile, nearly a century of bull and bear markets show that the good times have outshone the bad. Read Now Media Replay Crisis of Today...or Yesterday? Hartford Funds show us "today’s headlines may seem scary—so scary that “playing it safe” and not losing your money may seem like the only rational strategy. However, these headlines aren’t exactly “new” news.In fact, long-term investors who stayed the course and did not lose sight of their financial goals have been rewarded. Read Now Which IRA is Best For You?Traditional or Roth? It's 2024 and that means IRA Season! A common question is Which IRA is Best for You? Traditional IRA or Roth IRA? Our partners at Hartford Funds provide a valuable look at the benefits, restrictions on deductions, and eligibility, to help investors reach their retirement goals. Read Now All Content is CLIENT APPROVED. Most brochures, guides, and presentations, are in PDF (Adobe Acrobat Reader), Microsoft PowerPoint, or video formats, which may require downloading the applicable program or player to view. Mutual Fund & Annuity Center Direct Mutual Fund and Annuity Models are Updated Semi-AnnuallyOur Direct Mutual Fund and Annuity Models are supported 100% Online. Click on the Model Portfolio Allocations Button below to access our Portfolio Allocations page. Password: 1029Set up an appointment today with your Nelson Securities, Inc. Representative to review your investment portfolio.800-345-7593NOTE: WAA Winter 2024 Model Portfolio Allocations Q1-Q2 2024 (Updated Jan-24) Model Portfolio Allocations Investor Note Mutual Fund and Variable Annuity investment strategies, which include investing in specific sectors, foreign securities (both developed and developing markets), high yield securities, or small and medium sized securities may increase the risk and volatility of the funds/sub-accounts. Changes in interest rates may affect the performance of fixed income (bond) funds; if rates increase, bond values decrease and vice versa. Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses of the Mutual Fund and/or Variable Annuity carefully before investing.The Mutual Fund prospectus (and summary prospectus, if available) and Variable Annuity prospectus contains this and other information. Please read carefully before investing. A Mutual Fund prospectus and Variable Annuity prospectus and contract can be obtained by calling your Nelson Rep at 800-345-7593 or the Mutual Fund and/or Annuity company directly. Publisher: Nelson Securities, Inc.The WEALTH ASSET ADVISOR is published quarterly by Nelson Securities, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor. All rights reserved. It is a violation of U.S. copyright laws to duplicate or reproduce any article or portion of this publication without the written permission of the publisher.Information and historical market data contained within this newsletter are taken from sources we believe to be reliable but, we can not guarantee its accuracy. Nelson Securities, Inc., or the publisher, will not be held responsible for actions taken based wholly or partially on information contained herein. Recommendations are of a time-sensitive nature and not a substitute for a comprehensive plan for investing. Each investor must consider suitability with regard to risk prior to investing.