Summer 2022Volume 30 | No. 3 Market QuickTakes...Perfect storm of challenges elevated volatility for the global financial markets in Q2Major market indexes hit bear market territory in June, ending Q2 down 20%+ YTDFamiliar catalysts remained at the forefront, including more aggressive Fed tightening monetary policy, high global inflation, and Russia’s war on Ukraine, all leading to rising recession riskThe Fed raised interest rates twice in Q2, including a more aggressive 0.75% hike in June responding to stronger than expected inflation readingsIt was the worst first half of the year for the S&P 500 since 1970Continued rising interest rates hit growth stocks and the tech-heavy Nasdaq the hardest in Q2 with a 22.4% loss, while the S&P 500 finished down 16.5%, small-cap Russell 2000 fell 17.5%, mid-cap S&P 400 lost 15.8%, while the Dow Industrials dipped 11.3%Developed international stocks also fell across the board in Q2, with the MSCI EAFE losing 15.4%, and emerging markets falling 12.4% (MSCI EM)Q2 was very challenging for bonds as well, with the Bloomberg Aggregate Bond index losing 4.9%, as interest rates rose, including the benchmark 10-year Treasury note yield closing at 2.98%, up 0.66% in Q2 Past Performance is No Guarantee for Future Success 2022 Retirement Contribution Limits Market Review Challenging Q2 tests investor resolveamid rising interest rates, inflation, and recession risks As we’ve seen many times over decades of investing, financial markets can present challenging investment environments, which at their extremes can test even the most seasoned investor’s resolve. The Second Quarter of 2022 was such a period and included the unnerving entrance of a bear market not seen since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic. Bear markets, which can vary in terms of duration and magnitude, are commonly defined as a market decline of 20% or more. While the cast of volatility catalysts remained the same as the First Quarter, the escalation of rising interest rates, both by the Fed and market rates, continued global supply chain constraints, rising inflation, and the continued horrific Russian war in Ukraine that has skyrocketed energy prices, have all raised the risk of recession in 2023, or potentially sooner. The culmination has the global markets recalibrating the risks to corporate earnings, as well as consumer and investor sentiment, and market valuations have been impacted.The benchmark S&P 500 fell 16.5% in Q2 and closed the first half down 20.6%, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq sank 22.4% to finish down 29.5%. Small-cap stocks, as measured by the Russell 2000, fell 17.5% to close down 23.9%, and the mid-cap S&P 400 slid 15.8% to close down 20.2%. While the storied Dow Jones Industrials lost 11.3% in Q2, it was the lone major US index to close the first half out of bear market territory down 15.3%. Value outperformed Growth across the board for the second straight quarter. It was the worst first half for the S&P 500 and developed markets in general in over 50 years, according to JPMorgan.As fiscal and monetary stimulus is normalizing from emergency accommodations, the economy is following suit and contracted 1.6% in Q1. Rising interest rates and inflation with higher prices for goods, services, energy, and food are contributing to the economic slowdown. Q2 GDP is expected to dip 1.5%, according to the Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow, which would technically be considered a recession with back-to-back negative quarters. However, with unemployment at 3.6% and continued strong jobs growth it may not meet the official designation as set by NBER at a later date. Time will tell, but nonetheless recession risk is rising especially with the Fed’s new stance of raising policy interest rates aggressively sooner to thwart high inflation, one of its two mandates. The degree of difficulty for an economic soft-landing by the Fed, raising interest rates to lower inflation to its 2% target without sending the economy into recession, has risen dramatically and has the market nervous. The Fed is willing to let unemployment rise from these pre-pandemic levels to keep inflation from becoming a long-term problem. It’s a tricky balance because maximum employment is its other mandate.Overseas, markets and economies are dealing with the same high inflation and slowing economic growth challenges. The benchmark MSCI EAFE index fell 15.4% in Q2 closing the first half down 21% and in bear market territory. Emerging Markets lost 12.4% in Q2 and finished down 18.8% to close the first half.Frustratingly for investors, from conservative to moderate-aggressive, with diversified portfolios that include bonds as a ballast against stock declines, volatility wasn’t dampened nearly as accustomed to traditionally. That’s because bond volatility was almost as high as stock volatility in the first half. In fact, bonds and rising interest rates were causing a lot of the volatility in stocks. The Bloomberg Aggregate Bond index lost 4.9% in Q2 and finished down 10.4% for the year. It was the worst half for bonds since 1994, when the bond benchmark index fell 2.9% for the year and the worst decline since 1976. Since 1976, the Bloomberg Aggregate Bond index has finished down for the year only four times. According to Morningstar, 2022 is only the second time in four decades that stocks and bonds have both posted losses for two consecutive quarters. The benchmark 10-year Treasury Note yield rose 0.66% in Q2 to close at 2.98%, but only after rising to 3.49% mid-June. The 10-year T-Note yield has risen 1.46% YTD and has led mortgage rates higher as well, with 30-year mortgage rates closing Q2 at 5.70%, up from 4.67% ending Q1. Cooling off the hot home and rent markets is part of the Fed’s inflation fighting plans. The Fed is expected to raise policy rates at least another 0.75% at its July FOMC meeting, and at least 0.50% at each of the remaining three meetings in 2022.The OutlookOur Outlook is cautiously optimistic for a better second half of 2022 than the first. However, that is a pretty low bar given the first half ended in a bear market, which has happened only four other times in history, as measured by the S&P 500. Further, a better second half could simply be positive returns or less worse losses. Historically, following bear market declines of 20% in the first half for the S&P 500, which has only occurred four times, the following six months have been positive each time and up over 20% the next 12 months (Morningstar Direct), though conditions varied and past performance is no guarantee for future results. As our friends at Capital Group have reminded us, missing just a few of the market's best days in a market recovery can be devastating on your long-term returns.We urge investors not to expect a v-shaped recovery like in 2020, which will require discipline and patience, when historic government fiscal and Fed monetary policy as well as global vaccination success spurred the fastest bear market and economic recession recovery in history from the Covid-19 pandemic. That support, however, is currently being unwound towards normalization and to combat inflation. Volatility remains in the forecast for the foreseeable future as the many market moving variables that impacted the first half persist. Nonetheless, we remain steadfast in our long-term focus and urge the same for investors, employing discipline and patience with their investment portfolios during these challenging times. It is important for investors to be looking forward not backward.Point by PointMarket and Economic Risk Factors Q3-22: inflation continues to escalate, more aggressive Fed interest rate hikes, Russia’s war in Ukraine, rising recession risksQ2 corporate earnings season begins shortly and will be widely watched for not only short-falls, given the slowing economy, but also forward guidanceFactset is expecting Q2 earnings to slow to 4.2% from 9.2% in Q1, marking the slowest growth since Q4 2020. However, corporate earnings growth is expected to rebound to 10.1% in Q3, and then dip to 9.2% in Q4. Corporate earnings grew over 25% annualized each quarter in 2021, while the economy (GDP) grew 5.7%.Volatility expected to remain elevated in Q3-22 and the foreseeable futureThe hotter than expected June CPI report at 9.1%, may prove to be the peak as energy and commodities have begun to rollover; lower inflation would be a positive catalyst Covid-19 remains a global risk variable, though measurably less than the previous two yearsHeading into 2022, stretched stock valuations was cause for investors to begin reducing forward return expectations for both stocks and bonds; however, the steep first half declines in stocks have brought forward S&P 500 price-earnings valuations below their 25-year average for the first time since the Covid-19 selloff in 2020 and 2018 before that. As a result, and though challenges persist, forward return expectations have risen.Keep your focus long-term by maintaining diversification, discipline, and patienceRefrain from making large portfolio changesCall your Nelson Advisor today at 800-345-7593 to discuss any concerns and review your portfolio. ~Your Nelson Securities Team *Past Performance is No Guarantee for Future Results Financial Insights... Fundamental Investing In times of uncertainty, relying on Fundamental Investing discipline can help investors weather the storm. As investing legend Warren Buffett says "Our favorite holding period is forever." Read Now Inflation and Volatility Hartford Funds illustrate "Inflation and Volatility" and the risks of being wary. Anxious investors could miss out when trying to avoid turbulent markets. 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