Spring 2023Volume 31 | No. 2 Market QuickTakes Q1 | 2023Stocks posted strong gains for the second straight quarter led by Nasdaq and the S&P 500, gaining 16.8% and 7.0% in Q1-23, respectivelyMid-caps and small-caps posted gains of 3.4% and 2.3%, as measured by the S&P 400 and Russell 2000, respectively, though gains were dampened by a rough MarchThe Dow Jones Industrials, last year's best performer, only edged higher by 0.4%Q1 was largely a reversal of 2022, in terms of investment style with Growth strongly outperforming Value Spurred by Fed rate hikes, recession concerns, and a mini-banking crisis, Q1 wasn’t without volatility, which rattled confidenceOverseas, developed market stocks also surged gaining 7.7% in Q1, as measured by the MSCI EAFE index; Emerging Markets rose 3.6% in Q1 but spent time in and out of positive territoryThe Fed raised policy rates twice in Q1 in its continued battle to lower inflation, 0.25% each, for the eighth and ninth time since last March totaling 4.75%Following the worst year ever for bonds, Q1 was a rollercoaster for bonds and interest rates again but the Bloomberg US Aggregate Bond Index rose 3.0%; the benchmark 10-year Treasury Note yield fell 0.40% to 3.48% Past Performance is No Guarantee for Future Success 2023 Retirement Contribution Limits Market Review Despite volatility, stocks post gainsfor second straight quarter to begin 2023 The first quarter of 2023 presented plenty of challenges for investors, though it paled in comparison to the tumultuous 2022. Q1 kicked off with a rousing January, with Nasdaq surging 10.7% and the S&P 500 jumping 6.2%. However, the Fed’s eighth rate hike since last March to start February and a moderating CPI report for January threw cold water on Chair Powell’s encouraging signs of a “disinflationary process” and expectations of a Fed pause any time soon. Stocks pulled back in February on the uncertainty.Global financial markets had flashbacks to 2008-2009 in early March, when Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and Signature Bank failed and created a mini-banking crisis requiring the FDIC, Treasury, and the Fed to step in to guarantee deposits and restore depositor confidence across the US banking system. There will be reverberations, including restoring banking regulations and oversight loosened in 2018, stricter loan requirements, higher lending costs, and recession risks have risen. However, this is not the 2008-2009 banking crisis that led to the Financial Crisis and Great Recession.The quick response by the FDIC, Treasury, and the Fed spurred a strong market recovery to end Q1 on a positive note and stocks posted gains across the board. It was the second straight quarter of gains for stocks. In a near mirror image of 2022, the tech-heavy Nasdaq rocketed 16.8% in Q1, while 2022’s leading Dow Jones Industrials only edged higher by 0.4%. Further, growth outpaced value on a broad basis. The benchmark S&P 500 rose 7.0%, reflecting large-cap stocks outpacing small- and mid-caps. The small-cap Russell 2000 gained 2.3% and the mid-cap S&P 400 rose 3.4%, and that included a rough March, posting losses of 5.0% and 3.4%, respectively.Overseas, the benchmark MSCI EAFE index jumped 7.7% in Q1 and benefited from a 1.1% decline in the US Dollar. The European Central Bank also raised interest rates twice in Q1, 0.50% each, as inflation remains stubbornly high at 6.9%, ending March. The ECB remains behind the Fed in its inflation fighting rate hikes. Emerging markets rose 3.6% in Q1 but spent time in and out of negative territory.The Fed raised policy rates two times in Q1, 0.25% each, to 4.75%-5.00% in its continued efforts to stem high inflation in part by slowing the US economy. Since last March, the Fed has raised rates nine times totaling 4.75% to levels not seen since September 2007. Inflation has been steadily declining from its 9.1% high last June to the most recent reading of 5.0% in March (released 4/12/23). The Fed’s goal remains 2.0% and market expectations are for at least one more 0.25% hike at its May FOMC meeting. The market is pricing in one or more interest rate cuts by year-end; however, the Fed is not projecting a rate cut until 2024. Intermediate-term interest rates fell in Q1, led by the benchmark 10-year Treasury Note yield, which fell 0.40% to 3.48%. The Bloomberg Aggregate Bond Index gained 3.0% in Q1, following its worst year ever in 2022. Short-term interest rates edged higher with the Fed rate hikes, and further inverted the yield curve, which is a widely watched indicator for a future recession (short-term rates higher than long-term rates). While all recessions have been preceded by an inverted yield curve, not all inverted yield curves have resulted in recession.The OutlookDespite the headwinds, the US economy has remained resilient; the Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow is forecasting 2.5% annualized real growth for the First Quarter, while unemployment sits near 50-year lows at 3.5% as of March. However, forecasts are for a slowing economy and lower corporate earnings by year-end and into 2024, as well as an uptick in unemployment. The mini-banking crisis noted above has further complicated the Fed’s inflation fight. Inflation has trended down as expected, as noted above, given the Fed’s aggressive tact of raising rates, but it has been stickier than anticipated. The Fed has been trying to engineer a soft-landing while hitting its 2% inflation target. While a soft-landing/shallow recession remains the baseline later this year or 2024, anticipated reverberations of the mini-banking crisis have raised risks of a moderate recession. The risk of a severe recession remains low.We are encouraged by the solid gains in both stocks and bonds in the first quarter. The extreme volatility we experienced in 2022 was largely the market discounting future recession risk due the Fed’s aggressive rate hikes to quell high inflation. The question markets are calibrating is how much was already discounted in 2022 and how much remains. The answer lies in what type of recession occurs if we indeed enter one.Volatility remains in the forecast, and we urge investors to remain resilient with their investment portfolios and maintain a disciplined, long-term focus. As noted at the beginning of the year, we anticipate a return of the virtues of diversification and the traditional risk relationship between stocks and bonds.The market environment for 2023 remains challenging, and we continue to encourage investors:Remain well-diversifiedMaintain discipline and patienceFocus on the long-termReview your Risk ToleranceCall your Nelson Advisor today at 800-345-7593 to discuss any concerns and review your portfolio. ~Your Nelson Securities Team *Past Performance is No Guarantee for Future Results Recessions are painful, but expansions have been powerful Recession risk and concern has been on the rise since the Fed started aggressively raising policy interest rates in March 2022 to rein in high inflation that spiked during and after the Covid Pandemic. The Fed has raised rates nine times totaling 4.75% and we may get another 0.25% hike in May. But that could be it as a Fed pause is anticipated by the market. The inflation rate has been steadily on the decline from its 9.1% peak last June but remains uncomfortably high at 5.0% (March CPI) and above the Fed's 2% target. While supply chain constraints have improved dramatically, the Fed has been trying to slow the economy in its inflation fight. But the economy has been resilient, and unemployment has remained near 50-year lows. However, the economy and corporate earnings are slowing, and a rise in unemployment is expected. Uncertainty remains on how severe the probable recession may be. The baseline remains a soft-landing/shallow recession, but risks have been rising for a deeper recession. As Capital Group notes: "The good news is that recessions generally haven’t lasted very long. Our analysis of 11 cycles since 1950 shows that recessions have persisted between two and 18 months, with the average spanning about 10 months. For those directly affected by job loss or business closures, which can feel like an eternity. But investors with a long-term investment horizon would be better served looking at the full picture." Further, "Recessions have been relatively small blips in economic history. Over the last 70 years, the U.S. has been in an official recession less than 15% of all months. Moreover, their net economic impact has been relatively small. The average expansion increased economic output by almost 25%, whereas the average recession reduced GDP by 2.5%. Equity returns can even be positive over the full length of a contraction since some of the strongest stock rallies have occurred during the late stages of a recession." How long do recessions last?Sources: Capital Group, National Bureau of Economic Research, Refinitiv Datastream. Chart data is latest available as of 8/31/22 and shown on a logarithmic scale. The expansion that began in 2020 is still considered current as of 8/31/22 and is not included in the average expansion summary statistics. Since NBER announces recession start and end months, rather than exact dates, we have used month-end dates as a proxy for calculations of jobs added. Nearest quarter-end values used for GDP growth rates. Financial Insights... It's Easy to Forget the Market's Good Years Market volatility has a way changing investor focus to the present rather than the long-term. That can be costly. Hartford Funds note since 1926, the S&P 500 has had 71 positive years versus 26 negative years, ending 2022.**Hartford Funds - Past performance is no guarantee of future success Read Now Missing MoneyCould Be Yours Who doesn't like finding money in a coat pocket? According to MFS, the National Association of Unclaimed Property estimates there is over $70 billion of unclaimed assets at US state treasuries. You may have forgotten assets in old bank or investment accounts, so use missingmoney.com and find out! Search Now 10 Things You Should Know About Market Volatility Hartford Funds puts market volatility into perspective with its "10 Things You Should Know About Market Volatility." Additionally, "long-term investors have historically seen less volatility" and corresponding charts reinforce the importance of maintaining a long-term perspective. Read Now All Content is CLIENT APPROVED. Most brochures, guides, and presentations, are in PDF (Adobe Acrobat Reader), Microsoft PowerPoint, or video formats, which may require downloading the applicable program or player to view. Mutual Fund & Annuity Center Our Direct Mutual Fund and Annuity Models are supported 100% Online. Click on the Model Portfolio Allocations Button below to access our Portfolio Allocations page. Password: 1029Set up an appointment today with your Nelson Securities, Inc. Representative to review your investment portfolio.800-345-7593NOTE: Direct Mutual Fund and Annuity Models are Updated Semi-AnnuallyJan-23: Model Portfolio Allocations Updated for Q1-2023 Model Portfolio Allocations Investor Note Mutual Fund and Variable Annuity investment strategies, which include investing in specific sectors, foreign securities (both developed and developing markets), high yield securities, or small and medium sized securities may increase the risk and volatility of the funds/sub-accounts. Changes in interest rates may affect the performance of fixed income (bond) funds; if rates increase, bond values decrease and vice versa. Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses of the Mutual Fund and/or Variable Annuity carefully before investing.The Mutual Fund prospectus (and summary prospectus, if available) and Variable Annuity prospectus contains this and other information. Please read carefully before investing. A Mutual Fund prospectus and Variable Annuity prospectus and contract can be obtained by calling your Nelson Rep at 800-345-7593 or the Mutual Fund and/or Annuity company directly. Publisher: Nelson Securities, Inc.The WEALTH ASSET ADVISOR is published quarterly by Nelson Securities, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor. All rights reserved. It is a violation of U.S. copyright laws to duplicate or reproduce any article or portion of this publication without the written permission of the publisher.Information and historical market data contained within this newsletter are taken from sources we believe to be reliable but, we can not guarantee its accuracy. Nelson Securities, Inc., or the publisher, will not be held responsible for actions taken based wholly or partially on information contained herein. Recommendations are of a time-sensitive nature and not a substitute for a comprehensive plan for investing. Each investor must consider suitability with regard to risk prior to investing.